“ This language belongs to
this country, the Wapar ”
Shannon Kanytji, Mimili Maku artist and traditional owner.
Wapar is the Yankunytjatjara word
for Ancestral or creation stories

Punu/ngana

Trees, wood and woodcraft

punu/ngana
tree/solid wood/stick
Play Sound Pause Sound

punu
wood
mara
get
waru
fire
kutjanytjaku
in.order.to.light.fire

Get some firewood so that (we) can light a fire.
ankara
coolibah
Play Sound Pause Sound

kungka-ngku
woman-[doing]
likara
bark
mankupai
getting
unu-ku
ashes-for
mingkul-ku
wild.tobacco-for

The woman is getting bark for ashes, to be used with mingkul.
utjany
ironwood
Play Sound Pause Sound

anangu-lu
person-[doing]
tjau
toffee
mankupai
getting

That person is getting some toffee (from the ironwood).
ngatun
prickly wattle
Play Sound Pause Sound

tjau
toffee
ngatun-nguru
prickly.wattle-from
mananyi
getting

Getting toffee from the prickly wattle.
urtjan
spearwood
Play Sound Pause Sound

wati-ngku
man-[doing]
katji
spear
palyalpai
making

The man is making a spear.
witir
quandong seeds or bulbs used for necklaces, shampoo, soap
Play Sound Pause Sound

witir
quandong.seeds
mangata-nguru
quandong.tree-from

The quandong seeds come from the quandong tree.
wana
women's digging stick
Play Sound Pause Sound

kungka-ngku
woman-[doing] grub
maku wana-ngka
stick-with
tjawanu
dug

The woman dug up grubs with the digging stick.
walata
long / tall
Play Sound Pause Sound

tjutiny
club
walata
long

The club is long.
katji
hunting spear
Play Sound Pause Sound

wati-ngku
man-[dong]
katji
spear
miru-ngka
spearthrower-in
tjunkula
putting
wakani
spearing

Having put the spear in the spear thrower, the man is spearing.
katji palka
end part of hunting spear, glued to the stem with kiti (sticky gum) and fastened with marpany (kangaroo sinew)
Play Sound Pause Sound
katji wata
the flat front section of the spear
Play Sound Pause Sound
waru
firewood/fire
Play Sound Pause Sound

kutjani
lighting (a fire)
kuka
meat

Lighting a fire in order to cook some meat.
nanngu
small hook fastened to the katji wata with kiti (sticky gum) and with marpany (kangaroo sinew)
miru
woomera, spear thrower
Play Sound Pause Sound

wati-ngku
man-[doing]
miru
spear.thrower
palyani
making

The man is making a spear thrower.
winta
fighting spear
Play Sound Pause Sound

wati-ngku
man-[doing]
winta-ngka
fighting.spear-with
wakani
spearing

A man is spearing with the fighting spear.
kali
boomerang
Play Sound Pause Sound

kali
boomerang
timpil-tjingani
tapping-cause.to
inma
song
inkanytjaku
in.order.to.sing

(Someone is) tapping the boomerang to sing a song.
tjutiny
club
Play Sound Pause Sound

tjutiny-tja
club-with
malu
kangaroo
ngunti
neck
punganyi
hitting

The kangaroo is hit in the neck with a club.
kutitji
shield
Play Sound Pause Sound

kali
boomerang
katji
spear
angatjunkupai
blocking

(The shield is used for) blocking boomerangs and spears.
mimpu
large bowl

kungka-ngku
woman-[doing]
kapi
water
katipai
carrying

The woman is carrying water.
wira
medium sized bowl
Play Sound Pause Sound

ngaturu-nguru
root-from
wira
bowl
palyalpai
usually.making

The wira is usually made from a root.
mika
small bowl
Play Sound Pause Sound

kungka-ngku
woman-[doing]
manta
earth
urilpai
usually.flattening

The woman is flattening the earth (WHERE IS THE MIKA?)
wili
probing stick
Play Sound Pause Sound

tjawara
having.dug
wili-tjunanyi
stick-putting
piti-ngka
hole-in

After digging for a while, the probing stick is put in the hole (to see if there is an animal there).
ngaturu / wata
root
Play Sound Pause Sound

ngaturu
roots
manta-ngka
ground-in
unngu
below

Roots are below the ground.
iri
sharp
Play Sound Pause Sound

wana
digging.stick
irila
sharpen!
tjawanytjaku
in.order.to.dig

Sharpen the stick so that it can be used for digging!
atuni
chopping wood
Play Sound Pause Sound

punu
wood
atuni
chopping

Chopping wood.
atuni
throwing rocks
Play Sound Pause Sound

tjitji-ngku
child-[doing]
tjulpu
bird
atuni
throwing
apu-ngka
rock-with

The child is throwing a rock at the bird.
uril/pila
flat, treeless country
Play Sound Pause Sound

ngura
place
kanku
shade
wiya
not

(The pila) country has no shade.
parka
narrow leaves
Play Sound Pause Sound

wati-ngku
man-[doing]
parka
narrow.leaves
tjunkupai
putting
kuka-ku
meat-for

The man is putting narrow leaves (on the ground) for the meat.
kalpi
broad leaf/feather/wing
Play Sound Pause Sound

kungka-ngku
woman-[doing]
nyinara
sitting
manitjunanyi
drawing.pictures.for.storytelling

While sitting down, the woman is drawing pictures used in telling a story.
ilykuwara
witchetty bush

kungka-ngku
woman-[doing]
maku
grub
tjawani
digging

The woman is digging up grubs.
kurku
mulga
Play Sound Pause Sound

mangir
bumps
wira-ngka
dish-in
tjunanyi
putting

Putting the bumps (from the stem of the mulga) in the wooden dish.
minytjingka
bush fuchsia

tjitji-ngku
child-[doing]
minytjingka
fuchsia
kuunmananyi
sucking

The child sucks (sweet nectar from) the fuchsia.
apara
river red gum
Play Sound Pause Sound

kungka-ngku
woman-[doing]
maku
grub
ilytjaliti
gum.tree
mankupai
getting

The woman is getting gum tree grubs (from the apara).